European Gravitational Observatory (EGO)
The European Gravitational Observatory (EGO) is a consortium founded, under Italian Law, by the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) and the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). EGO is located in the countryside, near to Pisa, where the INFN and CNRS have conceived and built a giant interferometer, designed to detect gravitational waves (VIRGO). Here, with about 50 employees, mainly scientists and engineers, EGO ensures the long-term scientific exploitation of the Virgo research infrastructure.
EGO aims to promote gravitational-wave research in Europe, through a collaboration involving over 100 laboratories and more than 550 scientists, engineers and technicians in 10 different countries: France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Poland, Hungary, Belgium, Germany, Portugal and Ireland. In this framework EGO promotes and supports open cooperation in experimental and theoretical gravitational-wave research, through the coordination of several European Projects. In particular, EGO is responsible for the implementation and management of the computing infrastructure serving the Virgo interferometer, from the data acquisition to the data transfer to remote repositories and distribution toward final users. EGO and Virgo form the European element of an international network that includes the two LIGO interferometers in the US and which participated in the discovery of gravitational waves. EGO currently plays a key role in the preparation of the third-generation interferometer, the Einstein Telescope, which will gather together all of the European researchers working on the subject and will be an integral part of a global network.
Role in REINFORCE
EGO is the coordinator of the REINFORCE project. Its tasks consist of the management of the project, including the ethics requirements, and the overall technical infrastructure of REINFORCE.